London is the capital and most populous city of England and the United Kingdom Standing on the River Thames in the south east of the island of Great Britain, London has been a major settlement for two millennia. It was founded by the Romans, who named it Conidium. London’s ancient core, the City of London, largely retains its 1.12-square-mile (2.9 km) medieval boundaries. Since at least the 19th century, “London” has also referred to the metropolis around this core, historically split between Middlesex, Essex, Surrey, Kent, and Hertfordshire, today largely makes up Greater London, governed by the Mayor of London and the London Assembly. London is a leading global city in the arts, commerce, education, entertainment, fashion, finance, healthcare, media, professional services, research and development, tourism, and transportation It is crowned as the world’s largest financial center and has the fifth- or sixth-largest metropolitan area GDP in the world. London has a diverse range of people and cultures, and more than 300 languages are spoken in the region.Many cooperative programs link London’s institutes of higher education with partner institutes around the world. London is a city of science at the heart of Europe – a city whose history of scientific excellence stems from its many important research institutions and its long track record of scientific breakthroughs. London has numerous modern Technology Centers. Their science-oriented infrastructure makes them attractive locations for young, technology-oriented companies.
London attraction: London contains four World Heritage Sites the Tower of London, Kew Gardens, the site comprising the Palace of Westminster, Westminster Abbey, and St Margaret's Church, and the historic settlement of Greenwich .Other famous landmarks include Buckingham Palace, the London Eye, Piccadilly Circus, St Paul's Cathedral, Tower Bridge, Trafalgar Square, and The Shard. London is home to numerous museums, galleries, libraries, sporting events, and other cultural institutions, including the British Museum, National Gallery, Natural History Museum, Tate Modern, British Library, and West End theatres. The London Underground is the oldest underground railway network in the world.